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Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul;15(Suppl 2):S107-12. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.83339.

Thyroid disorders and bone mineral metabolism.

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Department of Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi - 110 002, India.


Thyroid diseases have widespread systemic manifestations including their effect on bone metabolism. On one hand, the effects of thyrotoxicosis including subclinical disease have received wide attention from researchers over the last century as it an important cause of secondary osteoporosis. On the other hand, hypothyroidism has received lesser attention as its effect on bone mineral metabolism is minimal. Therefore, this review will primarily focus on thyrotoxicosis and its impact on bone mineral metabolism.


Bone metabolism; India; bone mineral density; hyperthyroidism; hypothyroidism; thyroid disorders

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