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Commun Integr Biol. 2011 Jul;4(4):440-2. doi: 10.4161/cib.4.4.15369. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Expression of individual mammalian Sun1 isoforms depends on the cell type.

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1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology; Biocenter; University of Würzburg; Am Hubland, Würzburg Germany.

Abstract

Mammalian Sun1 belongs to an evolutionarily conserved family of inner nuclear membrane proteins, which are known as SUN domain proteins. SUN domain proteins interact with KASH domain partners to form bridging complexes, so-called LINC complexes, that physically connect the nuclear interior to the cytoskeleton. LINC complexes are critical for nuclear integrity and play fundamental roles in nuclear positioning, shaping and movement. The mammalian genome codes for at least five different SUN domain proteins used for the formation of a number of different LINC complexes. Recently, we reported on the identification of several Sun1 isoforms, which tremendously enlarges the alternatives to form functional LINC complexes. We now confirmed that Sun1 actually exists in at least seven distinct splice variants. Besides that, we observed that expression of individual Sun1 isoforms remarkably depends on the cell type, suggesting a cell type-specific adaption of Sun1 dependent LINC complexes to specific cellular and physiological requirements.

KEYWORDS:

LINC complex; SUN domain protein; Sun1; isoform; mouse; nuclear envelope

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