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Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2011;59(10):1233-42.

A novel series of (S)-2,7-substituted-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acids: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α/γ dual agonists with protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitory activity.

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Research Laboratories, Kyoto Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd., Kyoto, Japan.


Novel 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized and (S)-7-(2-{2-[(E)-2-cyclopentylvinyl]-5-methyloxazol-4-yl}ethoxy)-2-[(2E,4E)-hexadienoyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (14c) was identified as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α/γ dual agonist. The transactivation activity of 14c was comparable to that of rosiglitazone in human PPARγ (EC50=0.14 µM) and was much higher than in human PPARα (EC50=0.20 µM). In addition, 14c, but not rosiglitazone, showed human protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B) inhibitory activity (IC50=1.85 µM). 14c showed about 10-fold stronger hypoglycemic and hypotriglyceridemic effects than rosiglitazone by repeated application for 14 d in male KK-Ay mice. Furthermore, 14c, but not rosiglitazone, increased hepatic peroxisome acyl CoA oxidase activity at 30 mg/kg/d for 7 d in male Syrian hamsters, probably due to its PPARα agonist activity. 14c did not affect plasma volume at 100 mg/kg/d for 14 d in male ICR mice, while rosiglitazone significantly increased it. In conclusion, 14c is a promising candidate for an efficacious and safe anti-diabetic drug with triple actions as a PPARα/γ dual agonist with PTP-1B inhibitory activity.

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