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Trends Genet. 2011 Dec;27(12):507-15. doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2011.08.003. Epub 2011 Oct 1.

Xenopus research: metamorphosed by genetics and genomics.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Center for Integrative Genomics, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.


Research using Xenopus takes advantage of large, abundant eggs and readily manipulated embryos in addition to conserved cellular, developmental and genomic organization with mammals. Research on Xenopus has defined key principles of gene regulation and signal transduction, embryonic induction, morphogenesis and patterning as well as cell cycle regulation. Genomic and genetic advances in this system, including the development of Xenopus tropicalis as a genetically tractable complement to the widely used Xenopus laevis, capitalize on the classical strengths and wealth of achievements. These attributes provide the tools to tackle the complex biological problems of the new century, including cellular reprogramming, organogenesis, regeneration, gene regulatory networks and protein interactions controlling growth and development, all of which provide insights into a multitude of human diseases and their potential treatments.

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