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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Jan;206(1):21-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.07.034. Epub 2011 Jul 29.

Selenium in reproductive health.

Author information

1
Maternal and Fetal Research Unit, Division of Women's Health, King's College London, United Kingdom. hiten.mistry@kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

Selenium is an essential trace element of importance to human biology and health. Increasing evidence suggests that this mineral plays an important role in normal growth and reproduction in animals and humans, and selenium supplementation is now recommended as part of public health policy in geographical areas with severe selenium deficiency in soil. This review addresses the biological functions of selenium followed by a detailed review of associations between selenium status and reproductive health. In many countries, selenium dietary intake falls below the recommended nutrient intakes and is inadequate to support maximal expression of the selenoenzymes. Numerous reports implicate selenium deficiency in several reproductive and obstetric complications including male and female infertility, miscarriage, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, gestational diabetes, and obstetric cholestasis. Currently, there is inadequate information from the available small intervention studies to inform public health strategies. Larger intervention trials are required to reinforce or refute a beneficial role of selenium supplementation in disorders of reproductive health.

PMID:
21963101
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2011.07.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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