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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Jan;206(1):89.e1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.07.039. Epub 2011 Jul 30.

Optimization of near-infrared fluorescent sentinel lymph node mapping for vulvar cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Near-infrared fluorescence imaging has the potential to improve sentinel lymph node mapping in vulvar cancer, which was assessed in the current study. Furthermore, dose optimization of indocyanine green adsorbed to human serum albumin was performed.

STUDY DESIGN:

Nine vulvar cancer patients underwent the standard sentinel lymph node procedure using (99m)technetium-nancolloid and patent blue. In addition, intraoperative imaging was performed after peritumoral injection of 1.6 mL of 500, 750, or 1000 μM of indocyanine green adsorbed to human serum albumin.

RESULTS:

Near-infrared fluorescence sentinel lymph node mapping was successful in all patients. A total of 14 sentinel lymph nodes (average, 1.6; range, 1-4) were detected: 14 radioactive (100%), 11 blue (79%), and 14 near-infrared fluorescent (100%).

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates feasibility and accuracy of sentinel lymph node mapping using indocyanine green adsorbed to human serum albumin. Considering safety, cost, and pharmacy preferences, an indocyanine green adsorbed to human serum albumin concentration of 500 μM appears optimal for sentinel lymph node mapping in vulvar cancer.

PMID:
21963099
PMCID:
PMC3246078
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2011.07.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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