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J Hazard Mater. 2011 Nov 30;196:194-200. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.019. Epub 2011 Sep 10.

Adsorption and desorption performance of benzene over hierarchically structured carbon-silica aerogel composites.

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Department of Environmental Nano-Materials, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, PR China.


Hierarchically structured carbon-silica aerogel (CSA) composites were synthesized from cheap water glass precursors and granulated activated carbon via a post-synthesis surface modification with trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) and a low-cost ambient pressure drying procedure. The resultant CSA composites possess micro/mesoporous structure and hydrophobic surface. The adsorption and desorption performance of benzene on carbon-silica aerogel composite (CSA-2) under static and dynamic conditions were investigated, comparing with pure silica aerogel (CSA-0) and microporous activated carbon (AC). It was found that CSA-2 has high affinity towards aromatic molecules and fast adsorption kinetics. Excellent performance of dynamic adsorption and desorption observed on CSA-2 is related to its higher adsorption capacity than CSA-0 and less mass transfer resistance than AC, arising from the well-developed microporosity and open foam mesostructure in the CSA composites.

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