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Biophys J. 2011 Oct 5;101(7):1661-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2011.08.047.

Roles for cardiac MyBP-C in maintaining myofilament lattice rigidity and prolonging myosin cross-bridge lifetime.

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Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA.


We investigated the influence of cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) and its constitutively unphosphorylated status on the radial and longitudinal stiffnesses of the myofilament lattice in chemically skinned myocardial strips of the following mouse models: nontransgenic (NTG), effective null for cMyBP-C (t/t), wild-type cMyBP-C expressed into t/t (WT(t/t)), and constitutively unphosphorylated cMyBP-C (AllP-(t/t)). We found that the absence of cMyBP-C in the t/t and the unphosphorylated cMyBP-C in the AllP-(t/t) resulted in a compressible cardiac myofilament lattice induced by rigor not observed in the NTG and WT(t/t). These results suggest that the presence and phosphorylation of the N-terminus of cMyBP-C provides structural support and radial rigidity to the myofilament lattice. Examination of myofilament longitudinal stiffness under rigor conditions demonstrated a significant reduction in cross-bridge-dependent stiffness in the t/t compared with NTG controls, but not in the AllP-(t/t) compared with WT(t/t) controls. The absence of cMyBP-C in the t/t and the unphosphorylated cMyBP-C in the AllP-(t/t) both resulted in a shorter myosin cross-bridge lifetime when myosin isoform was controlled. These data collectively suggest that cMyBP-C provides radial rigidity to the myofilament lattice through the N-terminus, and that disruption of the phosphorylation of cMyBP-C is sufficient to abolish this structural role of the N-terminus and shorten cross-bridge lifetime. Although the presence of cMyBP-C also provides longitudinal rigidity, phosphorylation of the N-terminus is not necessary to maintain longitudinal rigidity of the lattice, in contrast to radial rigidity.

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