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Int J Toxicol. 2011 Dec;30(6):671-80. doi: 10.1177/1091581811417898. Epub 2011 Sep 29.

Seabuckthorn attenuates cardiac dysfunction and oxidative stress in isoproterenol-induced cardiotoxicity in rats.

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Cardiovascular laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


We investigated the effects of seabuckthorn (SBT) oil in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiotoxicity with reference to hemodynamic, antioxidant, histopathological, and ultrastructural parameters. Rats were administered SBT oil (5, 10, and 20 mL/kg per d) or vehicle orally for 30 days along with ISO (85 mg/kg, subcutaneously, at 24-hour interval) on 29th and 30th day. On 31st day, ISO control rats showed cardiac dysfunction, increased lipid peroxidation, depletion of cardiac injury marker enzymes, and antioxidant activities. Myocardial necrosis, edema, and inflammation were evident from the light microscopic and ultrastructural changes. Seabuckthorn oil at the dose of 20 mL/kg per d significantly modulates hemodynamic and antioxidant derangements. The preventive role of SBT oil on ISO-induced cardiotoxicity was reconfirmed by histopathological and ultrastructural examinations. Thus, the present study reveals that SBT oil mitigates myocardial damage in ISO-induced cardiac injury in rats by maintaining hemodynamic, biochemical, histopathological, and ultrastructural perturbations owing to its free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities.

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