Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Transplant. 2011 Jul-Sep;16(3):5-13.

Outcomes of renal transplantation in recipients with peak panel reactive antibody >30% under tacrolimus-based immunosuppression.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation, University of Pittsburgh, Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, PA, USA. basua@upmc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Renal transplant recipients with high panel reactive antibodies (PRA) have worse outcomes than those with lower PRA. High PRA re-transplant recipients are thought to have worse outcomes than high PRA first transplant recipients. In this study, we examined outcomes of renal transplantation recipients with a peak PRA >30% and compared the outcomes of first and re-transplanted recipients.

MATERIAL/METHODS:

Survival outcomes between recipients of first transplants (n=68) and re-transplants (n=155) operated between June 1990 and August 2000 were compared. Sub-group analysis was done based on patient's gender, race and first/re-transplant. All patients received tacrolimus-based immunosuppression.

RESULTS:

No difference in graft survival was noted between first and re-transplanted patients. Ten-year patient survival was better in the re-transplanted group (p<0.004). Factors affecting patient survival on univariate analysis were age >55 years (p=0.015), deceased donor transplant (p=0.009), first transplant patient (p=0.004) and diabetes mellitus (DM) as the cause of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) (p=0.005). On multivariable analysis, factors affecting patient survival were number of the transplant (re-transplant versus first transplant, Relative risk [RR]=0.54, p=0.009) and cause of ESRD (DM versus no DM, RR=1.91, p=0.012).Diabetes as a cause for ESRD was the only factor affecting graft survival on univariate(p=0.015) and multivariable analysis (DM versus no DM, RR=1.63, p=0.017).

CONCLUSIONS:

High PRA recipients of first transplants had poorer patient survival than high PRA re-transplants. On multivariable analysis, diabetes etiology of ESRD and first transplantation were found to be independent risk factors for poorer patient survival.

PMID:
21959503
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for International Scientific Literature, Ltd.
    Loading ...
    Support Center