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Eur J Med Chem. 2011 Nov;46(11):5498-511. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2011.09.008. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Novel natural product-based cinnamates and their thio and thiono analogs as potent inhibitors of cell adhesion molecules on human endothelial cells.

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Molecular Immunogenetics Laboratory, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Mall Road, Delhi 110 007, India.


In the present study, we report the design and synthesis of novel analogs of cinnamates, thiocinnamates and thionocinnamates and evaluated the potencies of these analogs to inhibit TNF-α induced ICAM-1 expression on human endothelial cells. By using whole cell-ELISA, our screening data demonstrated that ethyl 3',4',5'-trimethoxythionocinnamate (ETMTC) is the most potent inhibitor of TNF-α induced ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin. As functional consequences, ETMTC abrogated TNF-α induced adhesion of neutrophils to the endothelial monolayer. Structure-activity relationship studies revealed the critical role of the chain-length of the alkyl group in the alcohol moiety, number of methoxy groups in the aromatic ring of the cinnamoyl moiety and the presence of the α, β- C-C double bond in the thiocinnamates and thionocinnamates.

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