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Int J Cardiol. 2013 May 10;165(2):247-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.08.055. Epub 2011 Sep 28.

Regular exercise-induced increased number and activity of circulating endothelial progenitor cells attenuates age-related decline in arterial elasticity in healthy men.

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1
Department of Hypertension and Vascular Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Deficiency in number and activity of circulating EPCs is associated with reduced arterial elasticity in humans with advancing aging. Physical exercise can increase the number and activity of circulating EPCs in humans. Here we investigated whether regular exercise-induced enhanced circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) improves age-related decline in arterial elasticity in healthy men.

METHODS:

In a cross-sectional study, the number and activity of circulating EPCs as well as brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) of young and older sedentary or endurance-trained healthy men were studied. Then we observed the effect of regular exercise on circulating EPCs and baPWV of 10 older and 10 young sedentary healthy men.

RESULTS:

In both sedentary and endurance-trained men, the number and activity of circulating EPCs were significantly low in older men compared with young men, which was paralleled to increased baPWV. After three months of regular exercise, the number and activity of circulating EPCs increased, and the baPWV of 10 older and 10 young sedentary healthy men decreased. However, the increased number and activity of circulating EPCs and decreased baPWV of older sedentary healthy men were higher. There was a close correlation between circulating EPCs and baPWV. Multivariate analysis identified proliferative activity of circulating EPCs as an independent predictor of baPWV.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study demonstrates for the first time that regular physical exercise-induced enhanced circulating EPCs attenuates age-related decline in arterial elasticity in healthy men. These findings provide novel insights into the protective effects of exercise on age-related vascular injury.

PMID:
21955613
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.08.055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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