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Biotechnol J. 2012 Feb;7(2):275-83. doi: 10.1002/biot.201000352. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

Treatment of cotton with an alkaline Bacillus spp cellulase: activity towards crystalline cellulose.

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  • 1Department of Textile Engineering, Minho University, Guimarães, Portugal.

Abstract

We analysed the influence of several enzymatic treatment processes using an alkaline cellulase enzyme from Bacillus spp. on the sorption properties of cotton fabrics. Although cellulases are commonly applied in detergent formulations due to their anti-redeposition and depilling benefits, determining the mechanism of action of alkaline cellulases on cotton fibres requires a deeper understanding of the morphology and structure of cotton fibres in terms of fibre cleaning. The accessibility of cellulose fibres was studied by evaluating the iodine sorption value and by fluorescent-labelled enzyme microscopy; the surface morphology of fabrics was analysed by scanning microscopy. The action of enzyme hydrolysis over short time periods can produce fibrillation on cotton fibre surface without any release of cellulosic material. The results indicate that several short consecutive treatments were more effective in increasing the fibre accessibility than one long treatment. In addition, no detectable hydrolytic activity, in terms of reducing sugar production, was found.

PMID:
21953804
DOI:
10.1002/biot.201000352
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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