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Mol Ther. 2011 Dec;19(12):2228-38. doi: 10.1038/mt.2011.207. Epub 2011 Sep 27.

Systemic administration of combinatorial dsiRNAs via nanoparticles efficiently suppresses HIV-1 infection in humanized mice.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, City of Hope, Duarte, California 91010, USA.


We evaluated the in vivo efficacy of structurally flexible, cationic PAMAM dendrimers as a small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery system in a Rag2(-)/-γc-/- (RAG-hu) humanized mouse model for HIV-1 infection. HIV-infected humanized Rag2-/-γc-/- mice (RAG-hu) were injected intravenously (i.v.) with dendrimer-siRNA nanoparticles consisting of a cocktail of dicer substrate siRNAs (dsiRNAs) targeting both viral and cellular transcripts. We report in this study that the dendrimer-dsiRNA treatment suppressed HIV-1 infection by several orders of magnitude and protected against viral induced CD4(+) T-cell depletion. We also demonstrated that follow-up injections of the dendrimer-cocktailed dsiRNAs following viral rebound resulted in complete inhibition of HIV-1 titers. Biodistribution studies demonstrate that the dendrimer-dsiRNAs preferentially accumulate in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and liver and do not exhibit any discernable toxicity. These data demonstrate for the first time efficacious combinatorial delivery of anti-host and -viral siRNAs for HIV-1 treatment in vivo. The dendrimer delivery approach therefore represents a promising method for systemic delivery of combinations of siRNAs for treatment of HIV-1 infection.

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