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Auton Autacoid Pharmacol. 2011 Jul-Oct;31(3-4):64-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-8673.2011.00468.x.

α(1D)-Adrenoceptor regulates the vasopressor action of α(1A)-adrenoceptor in mesenteric vascular bed of α(1D)-adrenoceptor knockout mice.

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1
Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Escuela Militar de Graduados de Sanidad, Universidad del Ejército y Fuerza Aérea, Mexico.

Abstract

1 The pressor action of the α(1A)-adrenoceptor (α(1A)-AR) agonist A61603 (N-[5-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl] methanesulfonamide) and the α(1)-ARs agonist phenylephrine and their blockade by selective α(1)-ARs antagonists in the isolated mesenteric vascular bed of wild-type (WT) mice and α(1D)-AR knockout (KO α(1D)-AR) mice were evaluated. 2 The apparent potency of A61603 to increase the perfusion pressure in the mesenteric vascular bed of WT and KO α(1D)-AR mice is 86 and 138 times the affinity of phenylephrine, respectively. 3 A61603 also enhanced the perfusion pressure by ≈1.7 fold in the mesenteric vascular bed of WT mice compared with KO α(1D)-AR mice. 4 Because of its high affinity, low concentrations of the α(1A)-AR selective antagonist RS100329 (5-methyl-3-[3-[4-[2-(2,2,2,-trifluoroethoxy) phenyl]-1-piperazinyl] propyl]-2,4-(1H)-pyrimidinedione) shifted the agonist concentration-response curves to the right in the mesenteric vascular bed of WT and KO α(1D)-AR mice. 5 The α(1D)-AR selective antagonist BMY7378 (8-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-8-azaspiro[4.5] decane-7,9-dione) did not modify the A61603 or the phenylephrine-induced pressor effect. 6 The α(1B/D)-ARs alkylating antagonist chloroethylclonidine (CEC) shifted the agonist concentration-response curves to the right and decreased the maximum phenylephrine-induced vascular contraction in KO α(1D)-AR mice when compared to WT mice; however, CEC only slightly modified the contraction induced by A61603. 7 The results indicate that the isolated mesenteric vascular bed of WT and KO α(1D)-AR mice expresses α(1A)-AR, that the pressor action of α(1A)-AR is up-regulated for α(1D)-AR in WT mice and suggest an important role of α(1B)-AR in the vascular pressure evoked by phenylephrine in KO α(1D)-AR mice.

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