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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Dec;301(6):H2246-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01194.2010. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

Heterotrimeric Gi/Go proteins modulate endothelial TLR signaling independent of the MyD88-dependent pathway.

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  • 1Genome Sciences Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.


The innate immune recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and results in activation of proinflammatory signaling including NF-κB and MAPK pathways. Heterotrimeric G proteins have been previously implicated in LPS signaling in macrophages and monocytes. In the present study, we show that pertussis toxin sensitive heterotrimeric G proteins (Gα(i/o)) are involved in the activation of MAPK and Akt downstream of TLR2, TLR3, and TLR4 in endothelial cells. Gα(i/o) are also required for full activation of interferon signaling downstream of TLR3 and TLR4 but are not required for the activation of NF-κB. We find that Gα(i/o)-mediated activation of the MAPK is independent of the canonical MyD88, interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase, and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 signaling cascade in LPS-stimulated cells. Taken together, the data presented here suggest that heterotrimeric G proteins are widely involved in TLR pathways along a signaling cascade that is distinct from MyD88-TRAF6.

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