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Ann Oncol. 2012 May;23(5):1287-92. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr401. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

A phase II study of concurrent cetuximab-cisplatin and intensity-modulated radiotherapy in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory in Oncology in South China, Sir YK Pao Centre for Cancer, Department of Clinical Oncology, Hong Kong Cancer Institute, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. brigette@clo.cuhk.edu.hk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Based on our previous work on the clinical activity of cetuximab in recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), we evaluated the feasibility of adding cetuximab to concurrent cisplatin and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in locoregionally advanced NPC.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III-IVB NPC were given an initial dose of cetuximab (400 mg/m(2)) 7-10 days before receiving concurrent IMRT, weekly cisplatin (30 mg/m(2)/week) and cetuximab (250 mg/m(2)/week).

RESULTS:

Thirty patients (median age of 45 years) with stage III (67%), IVA (30%) and IVB (3%) nonkeratinizing NPC were enrolled. Grade 3-4 oropharyngeal mucositis occurred in 26 (87%) patients and 10 (33%) patients required short-term nasogastric feeding. Grade 3 radiotherapy-related dermatitis occurred in six patients (20%) and three patients (10%) had grade 3 cetuximab-related acneiform rash. These grade 3-4 skin and mucosal toxic effects were manageable and reversible. At a median follow-up of 31.8 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 26.2-32.1 months], the 2-year progression-free survival was 86.5% (95% CI 74.3% to 98.8%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Concurrent administration of cetuximab, weekly cisplatin and IMRT is a feasible strategy against locoregionally advanced NPC. Preliminary survival data compare favorably with historic data and further follow-up is warranted.

PMID:
21948811
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdr401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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