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Chem Biol. 2011 Sep 23;18(9):1082-8. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.06.015.

Secretory protein profiling reveals TNF-α inactivation by selective and promiscuous Sec61 modulators.

Author information

1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

Abstract

Cotransins are cyclic heptadepsipeptides that bind the Sec61 translocon to inhibit cotranslational translocation of a subset of secreted and type I transmembrane proteins. The few known cotransin-sensitive substrates are all targeted to the translocon by a cleavable signal sequence, previously shown to be a critical determinant of cotransin sensitivity. By profiling two cotransin variants against a panel of secreted and transmembrane proteins, we demonstrate that cotransin side-chain differences profoundly affect substrate selectivity. Among the most sensitive substrates we identified is the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Like all type II transmembrane proteins, TNF-α is targeted to the translocon by its membrane-spanning domain, indicating that a cleavable signal sequence is not strictly required for cotransin sensitivity. Our results thus reveal an unanticipated breadth of translocon substrates whose expression is inhibited by Sec61 modulators.

PMID:
21944747
PMCID:
PMC3855466
DOI:
10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.06.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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