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[The efficacy of intermittent pneumatic compression in the prevention of venous thromboembolism in medical critically ill patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Medical Intensive Care Unit, Chongqing Medical University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. zhangchuan0905@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in medical critically ill patients.

METHODS:

A prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted. One hundred and sixty-two medical critically ill patients were randomly assigned to IPC group and control group by random number table after admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) from June 2008 to June 2010. Patients under anticoagulation medicine therapy were excluded. Patients in the IPC group were treated with IPC to prevent VTE after ICU admission. No measures were taken to prevent VTE in the control group. The rate of VTE [deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE)], duration of mechanical ventilation(MV), the length of stay in ICU, rate of non-sudden cardiac death and ICU mortality rate and related side-effects of IPC were compared during the subsequent 28 days between two groups.

RESULTS:

Compared with control group, IPC group was shown to have a significantly lower rate of DVT [3.80%(3/79) vs. 19.28%(16/83), P<0.01], lower rate of PE [0 (0/79) vs. 9.64%(8/83), P<0.01] and lower rate of non-sudden cardiac death [1.26%(1/79) vs. 7.23%(6/83), P<0.01]. Compared with control group, duration of MV (days: 8±6 vs. 9±8) and length of stay in ICU (days: 9±7 vs. 10±7) were shorter, and the ICU mortality rate of 28 days (24.05% vs. 31.32%) was lower in the IPC group, but they were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). No related side-effects were found in the IPC group.

CONCLUSION:

IPC can prevent VTE, and lower the rate of non-sudden cardiac death, and it is safe in medical critically ill patients.

PMID:
21944180
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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