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J Urol. 2011 Nov;186(5):2094-100. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2011.06.051. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

Predictive value of microtubule associated proteins tau and stathmin in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer receiving adjuvant intravesical taxane therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

After encouraging results from 2 clinical trials performed at our institution to test intravesical taxane based chemotherapy for bacillus Calmette-Guérin refractory, nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer we designed a study to identify molecular markers linked to the optimal response to such treatment modality.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Included in the institutional review board approved study were 32 patients with nonmuscle invasive, bacillus Calmette-Guérin refractory bladder cancer who received intravesical taxane chemotherapy, that is docetaxel or nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel. Immunophenotype analysis on tissue samples obtained before intravesical taxane therapy was done using a panel of molecular markers, including Ki-67, p53, and the microtubule associated proteins tau and stathmin.

RESULTS:

Increased total tau (cytoplasmic and nuclear) and stathmin expression before intravesical taxane therapy was significantly associated with decreased recurrence-free survival (p <0.0001 and 0.007, respectively). A tau positive phenotype was an independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival on multivariate analysis (HR 15.66, 95% CI 2.68-91.71, p = 0.002). Neither the proliferation index assessed by Ki-67 expression nor p53 status was significantly associated with recurrence-free survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Assessment of tau and stathmin protein expression should be considered to select patients before intravesical taxane based chemotherapy for nonmuscle invasive, bacillus Calmette-Guérin refractory bladder cancer since those who have tumors with low tau/stathmin protein expression show a better response to therapy.

PMID:
21944130
DOI:
10.1016/j.juro.2011.06.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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