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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2012 Apr;42(3):247-59. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.07.011. Epub 2011 Sep 22.

Randomized trial of a reentry modified therapeutic community for offenders with co-occurring disorders: crime outcomes.

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Center for the Integration of Research and Practice (CIRP), National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., New York, NY 10010, USA.


This article describes a randomized study to determine the effectiveness of a reentry modified therapeutic community (RMTC) for offenders with co-occurring substance use and mental disorders (co-occurring disorders or COD). Men with COD, approved for community corrections placement postrelease, were recruited from nine Colorado prisons and stratified according to the type of treatment received while incarcerated (i.e., a prison modified therapeutic community [MTC] program or standard care). When released, each offender was randomly assigned either to the experimental RMTC (E-RMTC) condition (n = 71) or to the control parole supervision and case management (PSCM) condition (n = 56). An intent-to-treat analysis 12 months postprison release showed that the E-RMTC participants were significantly less likely to be reincarcerated (19% vs. 38%), with the greatest reduction in recidivism found for participants who received MTC treatment in both settings. These findings support the RMTC as a stand-alone intervention and provide initial evidence for integrated MTC programs in prison and in aftercare for offenders with COD.


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