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J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2011 Oct;15(4):431-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2011.01.021. Epub 2011 Feb 11.

Effectiveness of direct vs indirect technique myofascial release in the management of tension-type headache.

Author information

1
Myofascial Therapy and Research Foundation, India. ajimshaw.ms@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tension-type headache (TTH) is essentially defined as bilateral headache of a pressing or tightening quality without a known medical cause. Myofascial release (MFR) is currently being applied for patients with TTH but its efficacy has not been evaluated formally.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether direct technique myofascial release (DT-MFR) reduces the frequency of headache more effectively than the indirect technique myofascial release (IDT-MFR) in comparison to a Control Group receiving slow soft stroking.

DESIGN:

Randomized, controlled, single blinded trial.

SETTING:

The clinical wing of Myofascial Therapy and Research Foundation, Kerala, India.

PARTICIPANTS:

63 patients with episodic or chronic tension-type headache.

INTERVENTIONS:

DT-MFR, IDT-MFR or Control. The techniques were administered by certified myofascial release practitioners and consisted of 24 sessions per patient over 12 weeks.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Difference in numbers of days with headache between Weeks 1-4 (i.e. 4 weeks prior to start of Intervention) and Weeks 17-20, following 12 weeks of Intervention between Weeks 5-16 as recorded by participants in headache diaries.

RESULTS:

The number of days with headache per 4 weeks decreased by 7.1 (2.6) [mean (SD)] days in the DT-MFR group compared with 6.7 (1.8) days in the IDT-MFR group and 1.6 (0.5) days in the control group, (P < 0.001). Patients in the DT-MFR Group, IDT-MFR Group and Control Group reported a 59.2%, 54% and 13.3% reduction in their headache frequency in Weeks 17-20 compared to that in Weeks 1-4.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides evidence that Direct Technique or Indirect Technique Myofascial Release is more effective than the Control Intervention for tension headache.

PMID:
21943616
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbmt.2011.01.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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