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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Oct;24 Suppl 1:97-8. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2011.607572.

Education in neonatology by simulation: between reality and declaration of intent.

Author information

1
Division of Neonatology, Santa Chiara Hospital, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. cuttano@unipi.it

Abstract

An unexpected event is not rare in Neonatology and can be dramatic: the operators must act with the right skills and abilities in the shortest time. Often it is a team effort and each member must be trained adequately. According to the "Swiss cheese" model by J. Reason, an accident is never the consequence of a single error, but the very final result of a chain of misunderstandings, irregularities or negligence (cheese holes): several holes allow the final medical error. Therefore, we should avoid those holes in our work. The clinical risk is always around the corner. The legal issues are becoming more and more relevant and lead to a defensive medicine, which is definitely not the best practice. For this reason, raising the safety standards is mandatory. With this purpose, after a decade of experience in "traditional" training courses, we started testing a new strategy of continuous education in Neonatology by means of highfidelity simulation. Since 2008, we have arranged and managed a Center for Neonatal Simulation and Advanced Training in the Neonatology Unit of the University Hospital of Pisa. We have already delivered courses to pediatricians, neonatologists, anesthesiologists, gynecologists, emergency doctors, midwives and nurses, using an advanced Laerdal SimNewB simulator to teach diagnostic and therapeutic skills or communication strategies. The model has been proposed to the Italian Society of Neonatology and it has been decided to create a Task Force to discuss our model and encourage to use it in other Italian areas.

PMID:
21942603
DOI:
10.3109/14767058.2011.607572
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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