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Nat Prod Commun. 2011 Sep;6(9):1263-5.

A new chromene isolated from Ageratum conyzoides.

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State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, PR China.


From the ethanol extract of the whole plant of Ageratum conyzoides L. (Compositae), one new chromene, 2,2-dimethylchromene 7-methoxy-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, was isolated, together with thirteen known compounds, seven of which were being reported for the first time. The compounds were all characterized by MS, IR, 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy. 7,3',5'-Tri-O-methyltricetin (7), precocene II (9), 3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavone (13) and 5,6,7,3',4',5'-hexamethoxyflavone (14) exhibited inhibitory activity on the P-388 cancer cell line with IC50 values of 12.8, 24.8, 3.5 and 7.8 microM respectively, while compound 9 exhibited inhibitory activity on the HT-29 cancer cell line with an IC50 value of 61 microM; the others showed no significant cytotoxic activity on the cell lines tested.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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