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Archaea. 2011;2011:409156. doi: 10.1155/2011/409156. Epub 2011 Sep 20.

Widespread disulfide bonding in proteins from thermophilic archaea.

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1
UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Abstract

Disulfide bonds are generally not used to stabilize proteins in the cytosolic compartments of bacteria or eukaryotic cells, owing to the chemically reducing nature of those environments. In contrast, certain thermophilic archaea use disulfide bonding as a major mechanism for protein stabilization. Here, we provide a current survey of completely sequenced genomes, applying computational methods to estimate the use of disulfide bonding across the Archaea. Microbes belonging to the Crenarchaeal branch, which are essentially all hyperthermophilic, are universally rich in disulfide bonding while lesser degrees of disulfide bonding are found among the thermophilic Euryarchaea, excluding those that are methanogenic. The results help clarify which parts of the archaeal lineage are likely to yield more examples and additional specific data on protein disulfide bonding, as increasing genomic sequencing efforts are brought to bear.

PMID:
21941460
PMCID:
PMC3177088
DOI:
10.1155/2011/409156
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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