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J Perinatol. 2012 Jul;32(7):491-7. doi: 10.1038/jp.2011.128. Epub 2011 Sep 22.

Delivery room resuscitation of preterm infants in Canada: current practice and views of neonatologists at level III centers.

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Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.



To explore physicians' experiences and views related to resuscitation practice of preterm infants at birth, and determine whether the Canadian modifications of 2006 Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guidelines have been accepted by neonatologists.


Neonatologists (n=146) at 25 tertiary neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across Canada were contacted via email to participate in a web-based survey about their practice regarding resuscitation of preterm infants in the delivery room (DR).


In all, 78 respondents (53%) from 23 centres completed the survey. Participants reported significant variability in temperature control measures. Hypothermia, <36.5 °C on NICU admission, was reported by 49% of respondents. Room air is used by 59% of respondents to initiate resuscitation. The majority (91%) of participants use pulse oximetry to titrate oxygen administration. Although more than two thirds (69%) of respondents target an oxygen saturation range of 85 to 92%, 51% of respondents would allow 5 to 10 min for the oxygen saturation to reach the target level. Carbon dioxide detectors are commonly used to confirm endotracheal tube placement (90%). Although respondents (96%) agree on the use of positive end- expiratory pressure (PEEP), when providing positive pressure ventilation (PPV), only 60% would initiate PPV with a pre-set peak inspiratory pressure, mostly 20 cm H(2)O.


DR resuscitation practices are highly variable in Canadian NICU's and the currently recommended NRP guidelines are not uniformly followed. Factors leading to variability and discordance in practice should be investigated to facilitate better compliance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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