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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2011 Dec;31(12):3011-9. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.237537. Epub 2011 Sep 22.

Proteomic analysis of polymorphonuclear neutrophils identifies catalase as a novel biomarker of abdominal aortic aneurysm: potential implication of oxidative stress in abdominal aortic aneurysm progression.

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  • 1Vascular Research Laboratory, Fundación Jiménez Diaz-Instituto de Investigaciones Sanitarias, Autonoma University, Av Reyes Católicos 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain.



Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) play a main role in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression. We have analyzed circulating PMNs isolated from AAA patients and controls by a proteomic approach to identify proteins potentially involved in AAA pathogenesis.


PMNs from 8 AAA patients (4 large AAA >5 cm and 4 small AAA 3-5 cm) and 4 controls were analyzed by 2D differential in-gel electrophoresis. Among differentially expressed spots, several proteins involved in redox balance were identified by mass spectrometry (eg, cyclophilin, thioredoxin reductase, catalase). Diminished catalase expression and activity were observed in PMNs from AAA patients compared with controls. In contrast, PMNs from AAA patients displayed higher H(2)O(2) and myeloperoxidase levels than PMNs from controls. Moreover, a significant decrease in catalase mRNA levels was observed in PMNs after phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate incubation. Catalase plasma levels were also decreased in large (n=47) and small (n=56) AAA patients compared with controls (n=34). We observed catalase expression in AAA thrombus and thrombus-conditioned medium, associated with PMN infiltration. Furthermore, increased H(2)O(2) levels were observed in AAA thrombus-conditioned medium compared with the media layer.


Diminished catalase levels in circulating PMNs and plasma are observed in AAA patients, supporting an important role of oxidative stress in AAA evolution.

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