Send to

Choose Destination
J Nutr. 2011 Nov;141(11):1969-74. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.143339. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

A diet high in low-fat dairy products lowers diabetes risk in postmenopausal women.

Author information

HealthPartners Research Foundation, Bloomington, MN, USA.


Some previous studies have suggested that consuming dairy products, particularly the low-fat variety, lowers the incidence of type 2 diabetes. However, no study to our knowledge has focused on an ethnically diverse group of postmenopausal women, a population with a high risk of this disease. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 82,076 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study who did not report diabetes at enrollment. Total, low-fat, and high-fat dairy product and yogurt intakes were estimated from FFQ at baseline and 3 y of follow-up. Treated diabetes incidence was ascertained from annual follow-up questionnaires. During 8 y of follow-up, 3946 cases of incident treated diabetes were reported (annual incidence, 0.73%; cumulative incidence, 4.8%). After multivariable adjustment, low-fat dairy product consumption was inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. RR was roughly 0.5-0.6 in the upper quintiles compared with the lowest quintile (median servings/d, 2.8 in the 5th quintile and 1.5 in the 4th quintile vs. 0.05 in the first quintile; P-trend < 0.001). The inverse relationship was more pronounced in women with a higher BMI. High yogurt consumption was associated with a significant decrease in diabetes risk, whereas there was no relationship between high-fat dairy product consumption and diabetes risk. A diet high in low-fat dairy products is associated with lower diabetes risk in postmenopausal women, particularly those who are obese.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication type, MeSH terms, Substance, Grant support

Publication type

MeSH terms


Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center