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Curr Cardiol Rep. 2011 Dec;13(6):527-36. doi: 10.1007/s11886-011-0219-9.

Familial hypercholesterolemia: present and future management.

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Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Patients suffering from familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) are characterized by increased plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and are at increased risk for premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Current guidelines emphasize the need to aggressively lower LDL-C in FH patients, and statins are the cornerstone in the current regimen. However, additional therapies are eagerly awaited, especially for those patients not tolerating statin therapy or not reaching the goals for therapy. Our understanding of LDL metabolism has improved over the last years and an increasing number of potential novel targets for therapy have been recently identified. Apart from novel targets, we have also been confronted with novel modalities of treatment, such as mRNA antisense therapy. Some of these emerging therapies have proven to be effective in lowering plasma LDL-C levels and are as such expected to have beneficial effects on CVD. Hopefully, they will enrich our armamentarium against the severe dyslipidemia observed in FH patients in the not too distant future.

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