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Indian J Psychol Med. 2009 Jul;31(2):82-7. doi: 10.4103/0253-7176.63578.

Inferior parietal lobule volume and schneiderian first-rank symptoms in antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenia: a 3-tesla MRI study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences [NIMHANS], Bangalore, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As per Frith's neuro-cognitive model, inferior parietal lobule (IPL) is implicated in the pathogenesis of Schneiderian first-rank symptoms (FRS) in schizophrenia. The specific role of IPL structural abnormalities in the pathogenesis of FRS is yet to be ascertained.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Using 3-tesla MRI scanner, this first-time study examined antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenia patients ( n = 28) (patients with FRS [FRS +]: N = 14, M: F = 7:7; and patients without FRS [FRS-]: N = 14, M: F = 7:7) in comparison with sex-, handedness-, education- and socioeconomic status-matched healthy controls (n = 14, M: F = 7:7). The volume of IPL was measured using a three-dimensional, interactive, semi-automated analysis, with good inter-rater reliability.

RESULTS:

FRS + patients showed significant volume deficit in right IPL in comparison with healthy controls (F = 4.0; P=.028) after controlling for the potential confounding effects of age, sex and intracranial volume.

CONCLUSIONS:

Right IPL volume deficit in FRS+patients adds further support to the Frith's model of FRS in schizophrenia.

KEYWORDS:

Inferior parietal lobule; Schneiderian first-rank symptoms; schizophrenia

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