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Clin Rehabil. 2012 Feb;26(2):165-73. doi: 10.1177/0269215511405230. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

Patient inclusion in goal setting during early inpatient rehabilitation after acquired brain injury.

Author information

1
Regional Neurological Rehabilitation Unit, Homerton University Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of patient participation in multidisciplinary goal setting during early inpatient rehabilitation after acquired brain injury.

DESIGN:

Case controlled retrospective study.

SETTING:

Regional neurological rehabilitation unit.

SUBJECTS:

One hundred and five patients with acquired brain injury.

MAIN MEASURES:

Numbers of goals set and achieved per patient before and after intervention; Barthel Index and Functional Independence Measure.

RESULTS:

The intervention resulted in a significant increase in the number of goals set per patient (340 versus 411 total goals, mean per patient 6.3 pre versus 8.05 post, P = 0.008). More patients had multiple goals set within each domain (P = 0.023). There was an increase in the number of patients with sleeping (0 pre, 9 post), continence (3 pre, 17 post) and leisure (15 pre, 35 post) goals set, and leisure goals achieved (60% pre and 68% post, P < 0.001). Correlations between goal achievement and change in activity-related outcome measures (Barthel Index and Functional Independence Measure) also improved with the new goal setting process. The proportion of goals achieved remained similar (60% pre and 63% post intervention), suggesting there was no evidence of inappropriate or unachievable goals set when the patient and family were included.

CONCLUSIONS:

Real-time engagement of brain-injured patients in the goal setting process during early inpatient rehabilitation is achievable, but requires a structured multidisciplinary assessment of need. We found it increases the number of domains in which goals are set and includes functional areas not rated by commonly used global measures of outcome during inpatient rehabilitation.

PMID:
21937524
DOI:
10.1177/0269215511405230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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