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J Psychiatr Res. 2012 Feb;46(2):219-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.09.006. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

The change of QEEG prefrontal cordance as a response predictor to antidepressive intervention in bipolar depression. A pilot study.

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1
Prague Psychiatric Center, Ustavni 91, Prague 8, Bohnice 181 03, Czech Republic. bares@pcp.lf3.cuni.cz

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to examine whether the change of quantitative EEG (QEEG) theta prefrontal cordance after one week of various antidepressive interventions predicts response to a 4-week treatment in patients with bipolar depression.

METHODS:

We investigated 20 inpatients who completed a 4-week treatment. EEG data were monitored at baseline and after 1 week of treatment. QEEG cordance was computed at 3 frontal electrodes (Fp1, Fp2, Fz) in theta frequency band. Depressive symptoms and clinical status were assessed using Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), Clinical Global Impression (CGI) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS).

RESULTS:

Seven of 8 responders (reduction of MADRS ≥50%) and only 2 of 12 non-responders had decreased prefrontal theta cordance value after the first week of treatment (p = 0.02). The positive and negative predictive values of cordance reduction for response were 0.78 and 0.91, respectively. We also found significant differences in cordance value reductions between responders and non-responders after week 1 and higher baseline cordance in responders.

CONCLUSION:

The change in prefrontal theta cordance was associated with subsequent change in depressive symptoms and potentially might be a useful tool in the early detection of acute response to antidepressive interventions in bipolar depressed patients.

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