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PLoS One. 2011;6(9):e24420. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024420. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Humanized mouse model of ovarian cancer recapitulates patient solid tumor progression, ascites formation, and metastasis.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The State University of New York, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, United States of America. rbankert@buffalo.edu

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death from gynecological cancer. Understanding the biology of this disease, particularly how tumor-associated lymphocytes and fibroblasts contribute to the progression and metastasis of the tumor, has been impeded by the lack of a suitable tumor xenograft model. We report a simple and reproducible system in which the tumor and tumor stroma are successfully engrafted into NOD-scid IL2Rγ(null) (NSG) mice. This is achieved by injecting tumor cell aggregates derived from fresh ovarian tumor biopsy tissues (including tumor cells, and tumor-associated lymphocytes and fibroblasts) i.p. into NSG mice. Tumor progression in these mice closely parallels many of the events that are observed in ovarian cancer patients. Tumors establish in the omentum, ovaries, liver, spleen, uterus, and pancreas. Tumor growth is initially very slow and progressive within the peritoneal cavity with an ultimate development of tumor ascites, spontaneous metastasis to the lung, increasing serum and ascites levels of CA125, and the retention of tumor-associated human fibroblasts and lymphocytes that remain functional and responsive to cytokines for prolonged periods. With this model one will be able to determine how fibroblasts and lymphocytes within the tumor microenvironment may contribute to tumor growth and metastasis, and will make it possible to evaluate the efficacy of therapies that are designed to target these cells in the tumor stroma.

PMID:
21935406
PMCID:
PMC3174163
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0024420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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