Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Opt Express. 2011 Jul 18;19(15):14487-94. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.014487.

Receiver implemented RF pilot tone phase noise mitigation in coherent optical nPSK and nQAM systems.

Author information

  • 1Acreo AB, Electrum 236, SE-16440 Kista, Sweden.


In this paper, a novel method for extracting an RF pilot carrier signal in the coherent receiver is presented. The RF carrier is used to mitigate the phase noise influence in n-level PSK and QAM systems. The performance is compared to the use of an (ideal) optically transmitted RF pilot tone. As expected an electronically generated RF carrier provides less efficient phase noise mitigation than the optical RF. However, the electronically generated RF carrier still improves the phase noise tolerance by about one order of magnitude in bit error rate (BER) compared to using no RF pilot tone. It is also found, as a novel study result, that equalization enhanced phase noise--which appears as correlated pure phase noise, amplitude noise and time jitter-cannot be efficiently mitigated by the use of an (optically or electrically generated) RF pilot tone.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center