Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Cancer. 2011 Oct 11;105(8):1218-23. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2011.353. Epub 2011 Sep 20.

Comparison of nuclear texture analysis and image cytometric DNA analysis for the assessment of dysplasia in Barrett's oesophagus.

Author information

Department of Surgery, National Medical Laser Centre, University College London, London, UK.



Dysplasia is a marker of cancer risk in Barrett's oesophagus (BO), but this risk is variable and diagnosis is subject to inter-observer variability. Cancer risk in BO is increased when chromosomal instability is present. Nucleotyping (NT) is a new method that uses high-resolution digital images of nuclei to assess chromatin organisation both quantitatively and qualitatively. We aimed to evaluate NT as a marker of dysplasia in BO and compare with image cytometric DNA analysis (ICM).


In all, 120 patients with BO were studied. The non-dysplastic group (n=60) had specialised intestinal metaplasia only on two consecutive endoscopies after 51 months median follow-up (IQR=25-120 months). The dysplastic group (n=60) had high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma in situ. The two groups were then randomly assigned to a training set and a blinded test set in a 1:1 ratio. Image cytometric DNA analysis and NT was then carried out on Feulgen-stained nuclear monolayers.


The best-fit model for NT gave a correct classification rate (CCR) for the training set of 83%. The test set was then analysed using the same textural features and yielded a CCR of 78%. Image cytometric DNA analysis alone yielded a CCR of 73%. The combination of ICM and NT yielded a CCR of 84%.


Nucleotyping differentiates dysplastic and non-dysplastic BO, with a greater sensitivity than ICM. A combination score based on both techniques performed better than either test in isolation. These data demonstrate that NT/ICM on nuclear monolayers is a very promising single platform test of genomic instability, which may aid pathologists in the diagnosis of dysplasia and has potential as a biomarker in BO.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center