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J Exp Med. 1990 Jul 1;172(1):285-9.

Identification of cell surface receptors for the Act-2 cytokine.

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Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


We have identified cell surface receptors for Act-2, a secreted protein expressed upon activation of T cells, B cells, and monocytes. Although 125I-Act-2 showed little, if any, specific binding to resting peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) receptors were readily detected on PHA/PMA-activated PBL and a variety of cell lines including MT-2, HL60, DMSO differentiated HL60, HeLa, and K562 cells. The equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) is 3-12 nM for MT-2, K562, and PBL activated with PHA/PMA for 40-80 h. We have also identified a rabbit polyclonal antiserum that can block Act-2 binding to its receptors. The ability to detect specific Act-2 receptors and the development of a blocking antiserum should prove valuable in efforts to molecularly clone the Act-2 receptor and to dissect the biological actions of Act-2.

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