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Psychol Assess. 2012 Jun;24(2):313-27. doi: 10.1037/a0025505. Epub 2011 Sep 19.

Multicultural Mastery Scale for youth: multidimensional assessment of culturally mediated coping strategies.

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Department of Psychology, Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Instituteof Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, AK 99775-6480, USA.


Self-mastery refers to problem-focused coping facilitated through personal agency. Communal mastery describes problem solving through an interwoven social network. This study investigates an adaptation of self- and communal mastery measures for youth. Given the important distinction between family and peers in the lives of youth, these adaptation efforts produced Mastery-Family and Mastery-Friends subscales, along with a Mastery-Self subscale. We tested these measures for psychometric properties and internal structure with 284 predominately Yup'ik Eskimo Alaska Native adolescents (12- to 18-year-olds) from rural, remote communities-a non-Western culturally distinct group hypothesized to display higher levels of collectivism and communal mastery. Results demonstrate a subset of items adapted for youth function satisfactorily, a 3-response alternative format provided meaningful information, and the subscale's underlying structure is best described through 3 distinct first-order factors organized under 1 higher order mastery factor.

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