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Brain Res. 2011 Oct 18;1418:32-41. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.08.053. Epub 2011 Aug 27.

Glucocorticoids dexamethasone and hydrocortisone inhibit proliferation and accelerate maturation of chicken cerebellar granule neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Norway. petra.aden@oslo-universitetssykehus.no

Abstract

Glucocorticoid (GC) treatment in premature infants may have detrimental effects on the immature brain. Here we show that GCs dexamethasone (Dex) and hydrocortisone (HC) reduce proliferation and induce differentiation of chicken embryo cerebellar neurons in vivo and in vitro. Granule neurons incorporating bromodeoxyuridine were reduced in the internal granular layer (IGL) after 24-h exposure to both substances on embryonic day 17, with Dex about 100-fold more potent than HC. The effects were blocked by GR antagonist RU 38486. Both GCs also increased the expression of neuronal differentiation markers microtubule-associated protein 2 (Map2) and neuronal nuclei protein (NeuN), measured by western blotting of whole cerebellar lysates and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Treatment of cerebellar granule neuron cultures with both GCs significantly reduced the percentage of proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) positive neurons and increased NeuN positive neurons, with similar dose-response relationship as in vivo. The cytostatic agent cytosine arabinoside showed comparable effects both on proliferation and differentiation. In conclusion, the effects of Dex and HC on chicken cerebellar granule neuron proliferation are GR mediated and reflect their pharmacological potency. In addition, the effects on differentiation may be related to a cell cycle block per se, since cytosine arabinoside mimicked the effect of the GCs.

PMID:
21925649
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2011.08.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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