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J Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Dec;27(6):652-81. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2011.08.001. Epub 2011 Oct 13.

Distraction techniques for children undergoing procedures: a critical review of pediatric research.

Author information

1
Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. dkoller@ryerson.ca

Abstract

Pediatric patients are often subjected to procedures that can cause pain and anxiety. Although pharmacologic interventions can be used, distraction is a simple and effective technique that directs children's attention away from noxious stimuli. However, there is a multitude of techniques and technologies associated with distraction. Given the range of distraction techniques, the purpose of this article was to provide a critical assessment of the evidence-based literature that can inform clinical practice and future research. Recommendations include greater attention to child preferences and temperament as a means of optimizing outcomes and heightening awareness around child participation in health care decision making.

PMID:
21925588
DOI:
10.1016/j.pedn.2011.08.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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