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Can J Cardiol. 2011 Nov-Dec;27(6):749-55. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2011.07.002. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Impact of female sex on long-term outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

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Department of Interventional Cardiology, Istituto Clinico Humanitas, IRCCS, Rozzano, Milan, Italy.



Conflicting information exists about whether sex differences affect long-term outcomes in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).


This retrospective study enrolled consecutive patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary PCI within 24 hours from symptom onset. Hazard ratios (HRs) of events with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated in the overall population and in a propensity score matched cohort of women and men.


Among 481 patients, median age 66 years old, 138 (28.7%) were women. Women were older than men (72 vs 63 years, P<0.001), had a higher prevalence of hypertension (68% vs 54%, P=0.006), diabetes (27% vs 19%, P=0.04), and Killip class≥3 at admission (19% vs 10%, P=0.007). After a median follow-up of 1041 days women experienced a significant higher incidence of the composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and hospitalization for heart failure (31.9% vs 18.4%, unadjusted HR 1.86; 95% CI, 1.26-2.74; P=0.002), driven mainly by heart failure (unadjusted HR 2.47; 95% CI, 1.12-5.41; P=0.024), without significant differences in death (unadjusted HR 1.49; 95% CI, 0.88-2.53; P=0.13), or nonfatal myocardial infarction (unadjusted HR 1.59; 95% CI, 0.78-3.27; P=0.19) and no increase in target lesion revascularization (9.4% vs 12.5%, unadjusted HR 0.77; 95% CI, 0.42-1.44; P=0.42). After propensity score matching the hazard of the composite endpoint was largely attenuated (HR 1.32; 95% CI, 0.84-2.06; P=0.23).


Women undergoing primary PCI experience worse long-term outcomes than men, but this difference is largely explained by their more adverse baseline cardiovascular profile.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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