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J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov;204(9):1437-49. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jir545. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Preclinical prophylactic efficacy testing of Sm-p80-based vaccine in a nonhuman primate model of Schistosoma mansoni infection and immunoglobulin G and E responses to Sm-p80 in human serum samples from an area where schistosomiasis is endemic.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA.


The prophylactic efficacy of a schistosome antigen (Sm-p80) was tested in a nonhuman primate model, the baboon. Using a total of 28 baboons, different vaccination strategies were used including recombinant Sm-p80 protein formulated in Toll-like receptor 7 and Toll-like receptor 9 agonists, and DNA priming followed by boosting with protein plus adjuvants. Recombinant protein approaches provided levels of prophylactic efficacy of 52%-58%, whereas prime-boost approaches conferred 38%-47% protection in baboons. An appropriately balanced pro-inflammatory (T-helper 17 [Th17] and Th1) and anti-inflammatory (Th2) type of response was generated; the Th1 and Th17 types of immune responses appear to be indicative of increased prophylactic efficacy. Production and expression of several cytokines (interleukin 2 [IL-2], interferon γ, IL-12α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-22) were up-regulated in vaccinated animals. Human correlate studies revealed Sm-p80 reactivity with immunoglobulin G in human serum samples from schistosome-infected individuals. In addition, a complete lack of prevailing Sm-p80-specific immunoglobulin E in a high-risk or infected population was observed, thus minimizing the risk of hypersensitivity reaction following vaccination with Sm-p80 in humans. This study provided the proof of concept to move Sm-p80 forward into further preclinical development leading to human clinical trials.

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