Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Nov;6(11):2573-8. doi: 10.2215/CJN.04670511. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Influenza A/H1N1 vaccine in patients treated by kidney transplant or dialysis: a cohort study.

Author information

1
Renal Transplantation Clinic, Hospital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium. broedersnilufer@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

In 2009, the pandemic influenza A/H1N1 accounted for worldwide recommendations about vaccination. There are few data concerning the immunogenicity or the security of the adjuvanted-A/H1N1 vaccine in transplanted and hemodialyzed patients.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS:

Sera from 21 controls, 53 hemodialyzed (HD) patients, and 111 renal transplant recipients (RT) were sampled before (T0) and 1 month after (T1) a single dose of Pandemrix® vaccine (GSK Biologicals, AS03-adjuvanted). We measured the neutralizing antibodies against A/H1N1/2009, the geometric mean (GM) titers, the GM titer ratios (T1/T0) with 95% confidence intervals, and the seroconversion rate (responders: ≥4-fold increase in titer). The HLA and MICA immunization was determined by Luminex technology.

RESULTS:

The GM titer ratio was 38 (19 to 78), 9 (5 to 16), and 5 (3 to 6) for controls, HD patients, and RT patients, respectively (P < 0.001). The proportion of responders was 90%, 57%, and 44%, respectively (P < 0.001). In RT patients, the prevalence of histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I, histocompatibility leukocyte antigen class II, and MHC class I-related chain A immunization, was, respectively, 15%, 14%, and 14% before and 14%, 14%, and 11% after vaccination (P = 1, 1, and 0.39).

CONCLUSIONS:

The influenza A/H1N1-adjuvanted vaccine is of limited efficacy but is safe in renal disease populations. The humoral response is lower in transplanted versus hemodialyzed patients. Further studies are needed to improve the efficacy of vaccination in those populations.

PMID:
21921153
PMCID:
PMC3359578
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.04670511
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center