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Brain. 2012 Mar;135(Pt 3):656-77. doi: 10.1093/brain/awr210. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Pathophysiological distortions in time perception and timed performance.

Author information

1
Kennedy Krieger Institute, and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. allman@kennedykrieger.org

Abstract

Distortions in time perception and timed performance are presented by a number of different neurological and psychiatric conditions (e.g. Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism). As a consequence, the primary focus of this review is on factors that define or produce systematic changes in the attention, clock, memory and decision stages of temporal processing as originally defined by Scalar Expectancy Theory. These findings are used to evaluate the Striatal Beat Frequency Theory, which is a neurobiological model of interval timing based upon the coincidence detection of oscillatory processes in corticostriatal circuits that can be mapped onto the stages of information processing proposed by Scalar Timing Theory.

PMID:
21921020
PMCID:
PMC3491636
DOI:
10.1093/brain/awr210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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