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J Med Microbiol. 1990 Jun;32(2):135-41.

The pathogenesis of urinary tract infections associated with Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus saprophyticus and S. epidermidis.

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Department of Clinical Microbiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham.


A model was developed in mice to study the pathogenesis of urinary tract infections caused by Staphylococcus saprophyticus strains LM-1 and LM-2, Escherichia coli SP444 and S. epidermidis E001. Murine urinary bladders were inoculated with 10(8) bacteria via a temporary urinary catheter and samples of urine and bladder were removed at days 1, 3, 5 and 10 after inoculation. They were examined both bacteriologically and by electronmicroscopy. Severe disruption of the urothelium was present immediately and the urothelium had become oedematous and ulcerated with increased urothelial exfoliation. Disruption of the urothelium was similar with all the four pathogens studied. The three strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci preferentially attached to the urothelial cell tight junctions and were not associated with polymorphonuclear leucocytes. In comparison, E. coli SP444 was randomly attached over the entire urothelium and was often in association with macrophages. Phagocytosis of E. coli by superficial urothelial cells also occurred.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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