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Epilepsy Res. 2011 Nov;97(1-2):190-7. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2011.08.010. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Carbamazepine-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions and HLA genotypes in Koreans.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although the US FDA recommends screening for HLA-B*1502 allele in most of Asian ancestry before initiating carbamazepine therapy, the HLA associations with carbamazepine hypersensitivity in non-Chinese Asian populations remain unclear. This study investigated the association between the HLA class I genotype and carbamazepine-induced severe cutaneous adverse reaction (SCAR) in Koreans.

METHODS:

Twenty-four patients who had developed carbamazepine-induced SCAR (7 Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), 17 drug hypersensitivity syndrome (HSS)), 50 carbamazepine-tolerant controls from the Korean Pharmacogenetic Adverse Drug Reaction Research Network and data of 485 Korean general population from a previously published study were recruited. HLA-A, -B, and -C genotyping was performed by direct DNA sequence analysis.

RESULTS:

Only one of the seven SJS patients was positive for the B*1502 allele, but the frequency of B*1511 was much higher in the patients with CBZ-SJS than in the CBZ-tolerant control patients (P=0.011, P(c)=not significant; OR=18.0(2.3-141.2)). The frequencies of A*3101 in carbamazepine-induced HSS and SCAR were significantly higher than those in carbamazepine-tolerant controls (P(c)=0.011, OR=8.8(2.5-30.7) and P(c)=0.013, OR=7.3(2.3-22.5), respectively). The frequencies of B*1511 in carbamazepine-SJS and A*3101 in carbamazepine-HSS/SCAR were significantly higher than those in the general population.

CONCLUSIONS:

HLA-B*1502 does not seem to be an effective predictive marker for carbamazepine-induced SCAR, while HLA-B*1511 and A*3101 was associated with carbamazepine-induced SJS and HSS/SCAR respectively in the Korean population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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