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Asia Pac J Public Health. 2013 Sep;25(5):409-19. doi: 10.1177/1010539511420702. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Social meaning of alcohol-related flushing among university students in China.

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1University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA.


This study explored drinking patterns, alcohol-related flushing, and ways students themselves and other people respond to flushing in drinking situations. Of 1080 Chinese undergraduate university students given the survey questionnaire, 725 (67.1%) returned the completed surveys. Eighty percent of the students were drinkers (93% of males and 69% of females); 68% of the drinkers were flushers. Most of the students (59.3%) said flushing had no special meaning, that is, would ignore flushing; 54% of the flushers said they could keep drinking "but less" when they flush; 27% of the students said that a flushing person should stop drinking; however, if the flushing person is a girl, 89% of the students said the girl should drink less or stop. If the flushing person was a boy, 61% of students said he should drink less or stop. The data do suggest gender differences in the understanding of and social reaction to alcohol-related flushing, and these differences raise interesting questions as to how flushing acts as a potential protective factor against alcohol misuse.


ALDH; China; acetaldehyde; alcohol beliefs; alcohol flushing; university students

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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