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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2012 Mar;19(3):708-17. doi: 10.1007/s11356-011-0602-5. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Acute toxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) for turbot (Psetta maxima) early life stages (ELS).

Author information

1
Toralla Marine Science Station (ECIMAT), University of Vigo, 36331 Vigo, Galicia, Spain. lazhar@uvigo.es

Abstract

BACKGROUND, AIM AND SCOPE:

The environmental presence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), among which BDE-47 and BDE-99 are particularly abundant, makes toxicity data necessary to assess the hazard risk posed by PBDE to aquatic organisms. This study examines the effects of BDE-47 and BDE-99 on embryo-larval stages of the marine flatfish turbot.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The turbot embryos were exposed at nominal concentrations of BDE-47 and BDE-99 for 6 days. Selected dose levels were relevant for investigating sublethal and lethal effects.

RESULTS:

Both tested compounds caused lethal toxicity as well as non-lethal malformations during embryo development. We found a high toxic potency of BDE-47 compared to BDE-99 (LC₅₀ values for embryos and larvae, respectively, BDE-47: 27.35 and 14.13 μg L⁻¹; BDE-99: 38.28 and 29.64 μg L⁻¹).

DISCUSSION:

The present study shows high sensitivity of fish early life stages (ELS) to PBDE compounds. Based on environmental concentrations of dissolved PBDEs from various aquatic ecosystems, waterborne BDE-47 and BDE-99 pose little risk of acute toxicity to marine fish at relevant environmental concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Turbot fish ELS proved to be an excellent model for the study of ecotoxicity of contaminants in seawater. The results demonstrate harmful effects of PBDE on turbot ELS at concentrations in the range of parts per billion units.

RECOMMENDATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES:

In the perspective of risk assessment, ELS endpoints provide rapid, cost-effective and ecologically relevant information, and links should be sought between these short-term tests and effects of long-term exposures in more realistic scenarios.

PMID:
21912957
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-011-0602-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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