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Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2011 Dec;9(4):196-201. doi: 10.1007/s11914-011-0070-3.

Events in articular chondrocytes with aging.

Author information

1
Leni and Peter W. May Department of Orthopedics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Abstract

It is well accepted that aging is one of the most prominent risk factors for the initiation and progression of osteoarthritis. One of the most pronounced age-related changes in chondrocytes is the exhibition of a senescent phenotype, which is the result of several factors including the accumulation of reactive oxygen species and advanced glycation end products. Compared with a normal chondrocyte, senescent chondrocytes exhibit an impaired ability to respond to many mechanical and inflammatory insults to the articular cartilage. Furthermore, protein secretion is altered in aging chondrocytes, demonstrated by a decrease in anabolic activity and increased production of proinflammatory cytokines and matrix-degrading enzymes. Together, these events may make the articular cartilage matrix more susceptible to damage and lead to the onset of osteoarthritis. A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying age-related chondrocyte pathophysiology may be critical for the development of novel therapeutic interventions for progressive joint diseases.

PMID:
21912847
DOI:
10.1007/s11914-011-0070-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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