Send to

Choose Destination
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2011 Sep;22(5):1048-54.

End-stage renal disease in the El-Minia Governorate, upper Egypt: an epidemiological study.

Author information

Department of Internal Medicine, El Minia University School of Medicine, El Minia, Egypt.


We had earlier conducted two cross-sectional studies on the epidemiology of endstage renal disease (ESRD) in the El-Minia Governorate. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence, etiology and risk factors for ESRD in the El-Minia Governorate during the year 2006. Patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT), numbering 1356, were recruited into this study. A standardized questionnaire was completed including demographics, family history, risk factors for ESRD, environmental exposure to toxins, work conditions, social history and causes of death. Only 800 (59%) of the 1356 patients agreed to participate in this study. Their mean age was 46 ± 13 years, median 43 (range 18-80). The male vs. female ratio was 65% vs. 35%. The etiology of ESRD was unknown in 27%, hypertension in 20%, chronic glomerulonephritis in 11%, obstructive uropathy in 12%, bilhaziasis in 3%, analgesic nephropathy in 5%, chronic pyelonephritis in 5%, diabetic nephropathy in 8% and others, e.g. lupus in 9%. The overall prevalence of ESRD was 308 per million population (pmp). The modalities of RRT used on the study patients included hemodialysis (HD) in 1315 (97%), peritoneal dialysis (PD) in 27 (2%) and renal transplantation in 14 patients (1%). The death rate was 190/1000. Our study suggests that the epidemiology of ESRD in the El-Minia Governorate is different from that in European countries and the US and thus, region-specific interventions must be developed to control the epidemic of ESRD in the world.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd
Loading ...
Support Center