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J Clin Nurs. 2012 Mar;21(5-6):833-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03781.x. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Quality geriatric care as perceived by nurses in long-term and acute care settings.

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  • 1Community Practice Department, School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC 27402-6170, USA. bebarba@uncg.edu

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

This study focused on differences in nurses' satisfaction with the quality of care of older people and with organisational characteristics and work environment in acute care and long-term care settings.

BACKGROUND:

Numerous studies have explored links between nurses' satisfaction with care and work environments on the one hand and a variety of physical, behavioural and psychological reactions of nurses on the other. One key to keeping nurses in the workplace is a better understanding of nurses' satisfaction with the quality of care they provide.

DESIGN:

Descriptive design.

METHOD:

The self-selected sample included 298 registered nurses and licensed practical nurses who provide care to minority, underserved and disadvantaged older populations in 89 long-term care and <100 bed hospitals in 38 rural counties and eight metropolitan areas in a Southern state. All completed the Agency Geriatric Nursing Care survey, which consisted of a 13-item scale measuring nurses' satisfaction with the quality of geriatric care in their practice settings and an 11-item scale examining obstacles to providing quality geriatric care. Demographic variables were compared with chi-square. Independent t-tests were used to examine differences between nurses in long-term care and acute care settings.

RESULTS:

Significant differences were found in level of satisfaction and perceived obstacles to providing quality care to older adults between participants from acute and long-term care. Participants in long-term care had greater satisfaction with the quality of geriatric care than those in acute facilities.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nurses in long-term care were more satisfied that care was evidence-based; specialised to individual needs of older adults; promoted autonomy and independence of elders; and was continuous across settings. Participants in acute facilities perceived more obstacles to providing quality geriatric care than nurses in long-term care facilities.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

Modification of hospital geriatric practice environments and leadership commitment to evidence-based practice guidelines that promote autonomy and independence of patients and staff could improve acute care nurses' perceptions of quality of geriatric care.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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